Asalha Puja. Buddhist Lent Day

Asalha Puja (known as Asanha Puja or Asarnha Bucha in ThailandThai: อาสาฬหบูชา aa-saal boo-chaa) is a Theravada Buddhist festival which typically takes place in July, on the full moon of the eighth lunar month. It commemorates the Buddha’s first sermon in the Deer Park in Benares and the founding of the Buddhist sangha. In Thailand, Asalha Puja is a government holiday.

Asalha Puja

The day is observed by donating offerings to temples and listening to sermons. The following day is known in Thailand as Wan Kao Pansa; it is the first day of vassa, the Theravada rains retreat.

Vassa (from Pāli vassoSanskrit varṣaḥ, both “rain” – Burmese: ဝါဆို wasoKhmer: វស្សា or ព្រះវស្សា; Lao: ພັນສາ pʰán săː, sometimes ວັດສາ wāt săːThai: พรรษา,pansa or phansaa; ), also called Rains Retreat, is the traditional retreat during the rainy season lasting for three lunar months from July to October. During this time Buddhist monksremain in a single place, generally in their temples. In some monasteries, monks dedicate the Vassa to intensive meditation. During Vassa, many Buddhist lay people reinvigorate their spiritual training and adopt more ascetic practices, such as giving up meat, alcohol, or smoking (Vassa is sometimes known as “Buddhist Lent“, though at least one prominent Theravada monk has objected to this usage- see [1]). And in countries such as Thailand, the laity will often take monastic vows for period of Vassa and return to lay life afterwards. Commonly, the number of years a monk has spent in monastic life is expressed by counting the number of Vassas he has observed.

The Vassa retreat has largely been given up by Mahayana Buddhists, as Mahayana Buddhism has typically flourished in regions without a rainy season, however for Mahayana schools such as Zen and Tibetan Buddhism other forms of retreat are common.

The observation of Vassa is said to originate with the Buddha himself. Gautama Buddha ordered his disciples to observe a pre-existing practice whereby holy men avoided travel for a three month period during the rainy season, in order to avoid damaging crops.

Vassa begins on the first day of the waning moon of the eighth lunar month; the preceding day is Asalha Puja. The focus of celebration by the laity is the first day of Vassa (or Wan Kao Pansa – Lao: ວັນເຂົ້າພັນສາ wán pʰán săː) during which worshippers donate candles and other necessities to temples, in a ceremony which has reached its most extravagant form in the Ubon Ratchathani Candle Festival.

Vassa is followed by two of the major festivals of the year among Theravada Buddhists, Wan Awk Pansa and Kathina.

The end of vassa is marked by joyous celebration. The following month, the Kathina ceremony is held, during which the laity gathers to make formal offerings of robe cloth and other requisites to the Sangha.

Dhamma Study Class on the 2nd and 4th Thursday

The class will be held in the Activity Room. The class meets every 2nd and 4th Thursday of the month, unless there’s a holiday, at 7 pm in the Activity Room (just behind the kitchen).  We start with a 30 minute meditation, followed by a discussion on the material we are reading. We’re starting a new book: […]

Monk Availability

Monk Availability Ajahn Somchai is at the Temple. Ajahn Ritthi is in Thailand until December 11th. Ajahn Prayad and Ajahn Vallop are in Thailand until January 2018. Two Monks from Thailand: Phra Somphan, and Phramaha Chaitatfrom are now resident at the Temple. Ajahn Tom is no longer at the Temple.

Vipassana Retreats

Vipassana Retreat schedule: September 22nd – 24th (Friday/Sunday) led by Ajahn Ritthi The Weekend Vipassana Retreat starts on Friday at 7 pm through Sunday at 9 am.  The Day of Mindfulness starts on Saturday at 9 am to 9 pm. Registration for each Retreat is available the 1st of the month for the Retreat.  To register for this months Retreat […]

Weekly Meditation

On Wednesday at 7.00pm we chant in Pali and English, followed by a 45 minute meditation, a tea break, and a Dhamma Talk in English.  The Wednesday Sangha is primarily focused on meditation and learning Buddhist fundamentals.  Beginners and those who have practiced before are welcome.  If you have any questions about Wednesday Evening Meditation, please email them […]